Menjawab Persoalan tentang Imam Besar Abyatar dalam Markus 2:26: Sebuah Kritik Teks

  • Pujianto Hardjosanjoto Sekolah Minggu-Tunas, Gereja Kristus Ketapang
  • Bakhoh Jatmiko
Keywords: Abiathar; High Priest; Mark 2:26



Mark 2:26 is one of the most disputed texts. The text's pivotal problem is around the accuracy between Jesus' narration and the historical facts in the Old Testament (1 Sam. 21:1-6). This discrepancy implies the authority of Christology and Bibliology in the Christian faith. This research was conducted to examine the text in order to answer the disputes around the text. The authors used a qualitative descriptive research method in this research with a textual criticism approach. The research approaches covered textual history, text's authorship history, and text's grammatical analysis. This research found that there were neither textual errors nor Jesus's mistakes in quoting a history. Addressing Abiathar as high priest is a part of the patristic culture in the priesthood tradition in Israel. Jesus’ motive in mentioning Abiathar closely related to the unfaithful story that has made him disposed as a high priest. Thus, the authority of Christ and the Bible as God's Word could not be overthrown by this passage. 


Keywords :

Abiathar; High Priest; Mark 2:26


Achtemeier, Paul J. Harper’s Bible Dictionary, Includes Index. 1st ed. San Francisco: Harper & Row, 1985.

Arndt, William, Frederick W. Danker, and Walter Bauer. “A Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament and Other Early Christian Literature,” n.d.

———. “Based on Walter Bauer’s Griechisch-Deutsches Wr̲terbuch Zu Den Schriften Des Neuen Testaments Und Der Frhchristlichen,” 200AD.

Baehr, J., and Colin Brown. New International Dictionary of New Testament Theology. Grand Rapids: Zondervan Mich, 1992.

Barbara Aland, Aland Kurt, and Matthew Black. The Greek New Testament. 4th ed. Federal Republic of Germany: United Bible Societies, 1993.

Blomberg, Craig L. The Historical Reliability of the Gospel. Downers Grove: InterVarsity, 1987.

Boogert, Ernst. “Review of: Fundamentals of New Testament Textual Criticism, by Stanley E. Porter and Andrew W. Pitts, A Journal of Biblical Textual Criticism 21.” Review & Expositor 115, no. 1 (2018): 128–130.

Brooks, James A. Mark, Electronic Ed., Logos Library System; The New American Commentary. 23rd ed. Nashville: Broadman & Holman, 2001.

Dewey, Joanna. “The Literary Structure of the Controversy.” Journal of Biblical Literature 92, no. 3 (2016): 394–401.

Eberhard, Nestle, Nestle Erwin, and Aland Kurt. Novum Testamentum Graece, At Head of Title: Nestle-Aland. 27th ed. Stuttgart: Deutsche Bibelstiftung, 1993.

Ehrman, Bart D. Misquoting Jesus : Kesalahan Penyalinan Dalam Perjanjian Baru - Kisah Di Balik Siapa Yang Mengubah Alkitab Dan Apa Alasannya. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama, 2006.

Evans, Craig A. “Patristic Interpretation of Mark 2:26 ‘When Abiathar Was High Priest.’” Vigiliae Christianae 40 (1986): 183–186.

Gordon, Robert P. I & II Samuel : A Commentary. Waynesboro, GA: Paternoster Press, 2004.

Gray, Leith, and Andrea Gray. “A Muslim Encounters the Gospel of Mark: Theological Implications of Contextual Mismatch.” International Journal of Frontier Missions 25, no. 3 (2008): 127–134.

Guelich, Robert A. Word Biblical Commentary : Mark 1-8:26, Word Biblical Commentary. 34A ed. Dallas: Word, Incorporated, 2002.

Gundry, Robert H., and Mark. A Commentary on His Apology for the Cross. Grand Rapids, Mich: Eerdmans, 1993.

Jatmiko, Bakhoh. “Kajian Onomastika Teks Perjanjian Baru Mengenai Transmisi Nama Diri Di Dalam Alkitab.” PASCA: Jurnal Teologi dan Pendidikan Agama Kristen 16, no. 1 (2020): 40–49.

Kaiser, Walter C. Hard Sayings of the Bible. InterVarsity Press, 2010.

Keener, Craig S., and InterVarsity Press. The IVP Bible Background Commentary : New Testament. 2nd ed. Downers Grove, Ill: InterVarsity Press, 1993.

Lane, William. The Gospel According To Mark : The English Texts With Introduction, Exposition and Notes. Grand Rapid: Eerdmans, 1993.

Marcus, Joel. Mark 1 – 8: A New Translation with Introduction and Commentary, Anchor Bible. New York: Double Day, 2000.

McCready, W. O. The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised, Ed. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1988.

Nicholas Perrin. From Creation to New Creation: Biblical Theology and Exegesis. Edited by D M Gurtner and B L Gladd. Hendrickson Publishers, 2013.

Press, Biblical Studies. The NET Bible First Edition. 2nd ed. Biblical Studies Press, 2006.

Rhoads, David. “Narrative Criticism and the Gospel of Mark.” Journal of the American Academy of Religion 50, no. 3 (1982): 411–434.

Societies, Bruce Manning Metzger and United Bible. A Textual Commentary on the Greek New Testament, Second Edition a Companion Volume to the United Bible Societies’ Greek New Testament. 4th ed. London; New York: United Bible Societies, 1994.

Swastoko, S. “Kredibilitas Penulis Injil Markus Dalam Kajian Jurnalistik.” Jurnal Teologi Gracia Deo 2, no. 1 (2019): 36–45.

Terry, Bruce. “, Diakses Pada Tanggal , Jam 17:41,.”

———. “Memberikan Penilaian A Sebagai Hasil Atas Kajiannya Tekstualnya Terhadap Teks Markus 2:26.”

Vine, W. E., F. Merrill, White William, and Unger. Vine’s Complete Expository Dictionary of Old and New Testament Words. 2nd ed. Nashville: T. Nelson, 1996.

Vine, W.E., and F.F. Bruce. Vine’s Expository Dictionary of Old and New Testament Words. Edited by Revell. 2nd ed. Old Tappan NJ: electronic form by Logos Research Systems, 1996.

Wallace, Daniel. “‘Mark and the Problem of Abiathar’ (Makalah Dipresentasikan Pada Evangelical Theological Society, Southwest Regional Meeting.” Dallas Theological Seminary.

Wallace, Daniel B. Greek Grammar Beyond the Basics - Exegetical Syntax of the New Testament. Zondervan: House and Galaxie Software, 1999.

Wegner, Paul D. Its History, Methods & Results. Downers Grove, Ill: InterVarsity Press, 2006.

Witzel, By Michael. “Textual Criticism in Indology and in European Philology during the 19th and 20th Centuries.” Electronic Journal of Vedic Studies 21, no. 3 (2014): 9–91.

“Mark 2:26 and the Problem of Abiathar | Bible.Org.” Accessed December 23, 2020.